Gum disease – also known as periodontal disease and periodontitis – is an inflammatory condition affecting the tissues surrounding a tooth, and is the leading cause of tooth loss. Gingivitis is a bacterial infection of the tissues in the mouth and potential precursor of gum disease. Once gum disease sets in, the toxins produced by the bacteria damage the teeth’s connective tissue and bone, effectively destroying them and fostering tooth loss.
Here are some common signs of gum disease you and Dr. Hormoz can look for:
- Bleeding gums during tooth brushing or otherwise
- Sensitive, red or swollen gums
- Bad breath
- teeth that are loose or appear to have shifted
As a gum infection progresses, the bone tends to recede; the gums may or may not recede. In some cases, the root of the tooth becomes exposed, occasionally causing tooth sensitivity. Furthermore, pus may be produced, and pockets may form between the gum and tooth. Since bone recession is not visible to the naked eye, and if left undetected, may contribute to tooth loss, it is important to maintain regular dental examinations and dental cleanings to identify gum disease.
There are a number of causes of gum disease and treatment will vary depending on the severity of your oral condition. Dr. Hormoz will evaluate the extent of the damage and will suggest the proper treatment for you. Contact our office today to schedule you next dental appointment or to learn more about our dental care services in Erin, Ontario – 519-315-3151.